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Goleshovo

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Goleshovo


The village of Goleshovo is situated at the northern foot of Slavyanka Mountain, at an altitude of 750 m. It is situated 46 km southeast of the town of Sandanski and 205 km away from Sofia.

Goleshovska river flows through the village, from the Pirin Bistritsa valley. It borders with a number of peaks and the state border with the Greek Republic. 9 miles east of it is the Paril Saddle, which can be reached by a dirt road. The village of Goleshevo is the last village marked on the map, reached by an asphalt road that, although in bad condition, is suitable for driving almost any car. In the past, it was the most significant settlement south of Melnik. In the recent past, the village of Goleshevo was restricted because of the boundary character of the mountain - Slavyanka. Goleshovo has preserved interesting ancient architecture. People tell that its name comes from the word “golesh”- bare place.

According to an old legend, the village was established 500 years ago. Under the names “Golesheva” and “Guneshevo”, the village was mentioned in the Ottoman registers in the second half of the 15th century, 1611-1617 and 1623-1625. In the area of Goleshevo, people has lived since ancient times.

As in other settlements in this region, here in Goleshovo, Bulgarians from Western Macedonia settled in the 17th and 18th centuries, forced to leave their native land by the Albanian settlers who were in their lands. The main occupation for the population at that time was goat-breeding, brick construction, work in foreign countries, as well as extraction and processing of iron. In the 17th-19th centuries, Iron Industry was developed in the region of South Pirin and the surrounding mountains.

The village of Goleshovo is a fortress of Bulgarian consciousness. It has deep educational traditions. Since 1864 there has been a church school, which in 1870 was transformed into a modern Bulgarian school. Largest number of teachers come out from the village of Goleshovo in comparison with other surrounding villages. The village took active part in the national liberation struggles. In 1908, one of the first community centers in the region was founded in Goleshevo. Statistics show that at the end of the 19th century, the inhabitants of the village were 850, divided into 260 households. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were 1250 inhabitants.

It is visible that once the village was nice with its cobbled streets, stone bridges and houses with unique architecture. Nowadays, some of them have already ruined and others have barely survived under the weight of time. There is no geranium, bark, and indirce...

The two churches - “St. Dimitar”, built in 1833 and “Assumption of Virgin Mary”, built in 1853, have maintained the spirit and faith of people in the area. The temple "Assumption of Virgin Mary" has three monastery type doors - with dibbles and heavy wooden mugs and small windows with iron bars. The Hadzhisimeonova barn is preserved. Here, in 1903, the poet Peyo Yavorov with other rebels leads a long battle against the Turk police. The poet described those heoirc times in the village in its book “Haidushki kopneniya” (Rebel’s dreams).

"... I had to spend the next day in the village of Goleshovo. I immediately sent a courier with a warning to the Grand Committee, while demanding a person to meet me at the pine grove in the middle of the road. In the evening, the comrades were decided to leave - and we all went together. Eight well-armed people, we looked just like a decent rebel group. By midnight, we were whimpering to look for Golesh welcomers in the designated forest. As we learned in the morning, the peasants sent by the committee were near a close spring, expecting to go there for water. But given the fact that, alongside the same spring, many of the Turkish ambushes have been seen there, we have circumvented it. A shot from the far-off plain, where an irritated bark of shepherd dogs was heard, made us leave the further quest and continue to Goleshovo with the Lyahovo couriers.

As it was enough that we were late, but our guides wanted to take us further than the broad road - and they pushed us through some marshes and bushes, from which we barely came out an hour later and wandering in one place. We stumbled across Goleshovo, where we could no longer enter, sun rose as we climbed up the river to the woodland. Not long afterward, I was admiring the view of 250 small Bulgarian houses, spread like a palm. The roundabout wreath of bare and overgrown heights, cut to the northwest, allowed me to see a group of Pirin peaks, as if painted on the crystal, morning sky. Soon some Goleshovo people came to welcome the celebration of St. George the Victorious and, more importantly, to bring food for the "future winners". They reported that Grandfather Iliya Kurchovaliyata, the leader of the Demirhisar rebel group, stayed on the Black Peak with fifteen people, an hour and a half far from us, on his way to Lovcha. And who knows from where, also lieutenant Tanushev, who came with 5-6 boys to offer his services to the internal organization, was with him. We sent them a notice to wait for us in the evening in order to travel together - but the Turks did not allow. The comrades were right to worry after our night-shuffling up and down after the rumble of the village. Whose was the shot last night, and did a bad eye see us in the morning? But I was guilty of the hasty departure, so I was giving courage. The shot would have been for us and bad eyes have seen us, because a Turkish patrol captured people from Lyahovo and took them to the police in the village of Petrovo, two hours away from Goleshovo. Several shovels on the back forced our leaders to serve as guides to the Turks against us. Poor ones, they tried to get out of the enemy hands, but late - in the smoke of gunpowder. But I should not hurry too much. In the morning, when we sent the guests, I left my comrades wonder about my yesterday's "stubborness" and sank into a soft bed of last year's beech leaves ("One Battle", P. Yavorov).

The village fair is carried out on September 8th in the locality of Rashitsa where the church is.